Journal of African Business and Management Sciences (JABMS) is a peer reviewed international scientific journal which publishes papers in relevant areas of management theory, practice, and developments in business and management sciences. Generally, articles submitted to this journal should be aligned to development of new theories, including discussion of historical or potential applications of new concepts and state-of-the-art surveys and papers on new developments. Special considerations may be given to the publication of theoretical contributions which may include innovative provocative hypothesis that have potential promise for new avenues of research.